Theoretical positions

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Theoretical positions

How to Write a Summary of an Article? Four men who made a great impact on the field of psychology, who may have worked together, and who may have even had drastically different theoretical positions are Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and William James.

In the following paper we will discuss these men and their passions as well as their differences. Psychoanalysis is a way to investigate the mind, especially of the unconscious mind; a therapy of neurosis inspired from the above method; a new stand-alone discipline who is based on the knowledge acquired from applying the investigation method and clinical experiences freudfile, Freud is the psychologist who we have to thank for most people believing therapy involves laying on a couch because during free association that is what Freud asked his patients to do, relax, and start talking Goodwin, Freud was not the first to speak of the unconscious mind, but he is believed to be the one who made it famous.

Freud, who is known for dream analysis and metapsychology, is also responsible for the ego, the id, and the superego. The ego, Freud believed, was conscious and unconscious lying in the center of our personality trying to maintain balance between the id and the superego Goodwin, The id is our basic instincts, sex and aggression, whereas the superego would be considered our moral compass, both fight for what they need and contend with reality Goodwin, The id is made up of sex and aggression because these two instincts do make up much of our lives and Freud devoted most of his life to exploring this.

Even when his work was proven false, it meant that psychologists were examining his theories and possibly forming new theories of their own that will advance us even further into the future of psychology. Carl Gustav Jung made major contributions toward psychoanalysis, but it was not until after he abandoned Freud and psychosexuality that Jung would do his most revolutionary, controversial, and extraordinary work www.

Theoretical positions

Jung was a creator of modern psychology, which explains how the human mind facilitates conversations between unconscious types of energies that move within the inside of all of us.

The Jungian theory is based on two separate dimensions of human unconsciousness with just one persona, and one archetype of collective human unconsciousness www.

Archetypes of material in the unconsciousness humans have are described as being patterns, symbols, and specific images in which a person can see in their fantasies and dreams that also can appear to them as a theme of a certain religion or mythology in our unconscious www. The archetypes of images in the unconscious, Jung theorized, mold the human unconscious personality, and this bond together with certain instincts to drive the human psyche.

Jung described the human consciousness molds the ego according to Jung, the ego was developed in a person because of certain human responses to their environment but also because of a need to adapt to all demands that are formed in the world that surrounds them www.

Jung also included that there is a need for humans to have internal feelings of harmony or a need to adapt internally by homeostasis within the human consciousness and unconsciousness. In this theory Jung acknowledged that one must, or has to adapt to their own persona so that they can be able to relate to others socially, but he wrote that there is a danger in which a person could become too identified with their own persona but not with their own individual self.

Only a complete individual can truly find the meaning in their life, since consciousness will lead to the dissociation from human unconsciousness and this will absorb into the human mass mind www.

In analytical psychology, Jung attempted to combine parts of modern psychology with ancient types of religious imagery by using a symbolic form of reinterpreting the Christian but also other types of religious traditions people may have.

This eliminates the dogma but maintains archetypal formed materials that are derived from the human collective unconsciousness.

Theoretical positions

Adler had many different theories of the personality but what he truly stuck with was that a single drive or motivating force behind our behavior, claiming that the desire we have to fulfill our potentials becomes closer and closer to our ideals.

Adler called this theory the Individual Psychology because he thought that each person was unique and that no one person were the same in that sense.

While Alfred was studying personality he came up with the term inferiority complex, this is described as feelings of lack of worth.

Along with inferiority complex, there was also the superiority complex where a person tried to conquer their inferiority complex by suppressing their existing feelings. Alfred believed that each person was trying to get over their feelings of inferiority in order to obtain the superiority.

Alfred also came up with that each person claimed that they had an idea of what their perfect self would be like. He names this image the fictional finalism. Fictional finalism applies clearer direction to decisions that are to be made concerning oneself.

Adler also believed that the unconscious and conscious worked in union with on another towards fictional finalism www.

Theoretical Position Team PSY March 14, Theoretical Position What is a basic theoretical position? A basic theoretical position is basically theory discipline on a certain matter which a . This chapter indicates some of the theoretical and conceptual issues raised by the ‘school and community numeracies’ team’s attempt to conduct ‘ethnographic-style’ research (Green and Bloome, ) in the area of numeracy at home and at school and in particular to conceptualise numeracy as a ‘social practice’ and with reference to . Comparing the theoretical positions outlined by the three authors Name Institution Tutor Date Comparing the theoretical positions outlined by the three authors Kurt Koffka was a German psychologist who believed that sensori motor learning occurs because of a given consequence of reinforcement.

Adler who was not very big in grouping people into categories came up with four main types of people; three out of four are negative.

From reading those four types I have a pretty good guess that the first three were negative, and the last one was a positive type.

William James is known as the founder of American Psychology, but if you ever brought this up to him he would pass on it and say that Dewey was the actual founder of American Psychology.i) a new synthetic route based on hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process and in situ salt templating for the efficient conversion of waste biomass into functional porous carbon materials (HTCs) for CO2 capture(ii) a theoretical approach based on molecular simulations and density functional theory to model and understand the HTC structure along with the adsorption and transport behavior of CO2 and other .

A theoretical perspective is important for research because it serves to organize our thoughts and ideas and make them clear to others. Often, sociologists use multiple theoretical perspectives simultaneously as they frame research questions, design and conduct research, and analyze their results.

Theoretical positions come from within the field of development psychology are being debated. The greatest insight of psychological analysis consists of Alder’s individual psychology, Jung’s analytical psychology, James’s stream of thought and Freud’s psychoanalysis, provides a clear explanation on .

Comparing the theoretical positions outlined by the three authors Essay

The Theoretical Positions panel is where your hypothetical positions are listed for analysis. Your theoretical positions can be selected to track changes in time, asset price, and volatility, allowing you to see how your position's profitability will change in relation to changes in market conditions.

A theoretical (or conceptual) definition is an abstract concept that defines a term in an academic discipline. Without a falsifiable operational definition, conceptual definitions assume both knowledge and acceptance of the theories that it depends on.

A hypothetical construct may serve as a theoretical definition, as can a stipulative definition. Three Major Perspectives in Sociology.

Their views form the basis for today's theoretical perspectives, or paradigms, which provide sociologists with an orienting framework—a philosophical position—for asking certain kinds of .

Can someone define the term "theoretical approach"? - The Student Room