The totalitarian rule of stalin and hitler

The totalitarian state pursues some special goal, such as industrialization or conquest, to the exclusion of all others. All resources are directed toward its attainment regardless of the cost. Whatever might further the goal is supported; whatever might foil the goal is rejected. This obsession spawns an ideology that explains everything in terms of the goal, rationalizing all obstacles that may arise and all forces that may contend with the state.

The totalitarian rule of stalin and hitler

Rise of the Totalitarian States With the onset of the age of anxiety, political dictatorships grew as people searched for stability and solution to the economic difficulties of the Great Depression. The end result was a combination of the resurgence of authoritarian rule coupled with a new type of ruthless and dynamic tyranny which reached its zenith in Nazi Germany and the Stalinist Soviet Union.

The horrors of this time period are a disturbing chapter in history, which many would like to believe were an aberration and will not happen again. One would do well to learn the lessons of history, lest they be repeated in our own day. The typical form of anti-democratic government in Europe was conservative authoritarianism.

Leaders of these governments, like Metternich and Catherine the Great who preceded them, attempted to prevent major changes which might undermine the existing social order. They did so by relying on an obedient bureaucracy, secret police, and armies who were loyal to them.

Popular participation in government was either forbidden or severely limited to natural allies. Liberals, democrats, and socialists were persecuted, jailed, or exiled, if not executed.

Such authoritarian governments did not have modern technology or means of communication, and as a result did not have the capacity to control many aspects of the lives of their citizens; however they apparently had no desire to do so, as they were preoccupied with their own survival.

Their demands upon their own people largely consisted of taxes, army recruits and passive acceptance of government policy. As long as people did not attempt to change the system, they enjoyed a great degree of personal independence.

After the First World War, the parliamentary governments of Eastern Europe founded on the wreckage of the war foundered and collapsed one at a time. By earlyonly Czechoslovakia remained loyal to democratic liberal ideals. There were several reasons for this: The affected countries did not have a strong tradition of self government, in which compromise and restraint are necessities.

Many, such as Yugoslavia, were subject to ethnic conflict which threatened their existence. Dictatorships appealed to nationalists and military leaders as a way to repress resistance and restore order.

Large landowners and the church often looked to dictators to save them from progressive land reform or communist upheaval. The small Middle Class of Eastern Europe also hoped for salvation from communism. The Great Depression itself was the coup de grace which forced many Eastern countries in the direction of totalitarianism.

The totalitarian rule of stalin and hitler

Totalitarian regimes, with the possible exception of Nazi Germany, which was concerned with territorial expansion, largely sought to preserve the status quo, rather than forcing rapid change on society.

War was certainly not on their card. Hungary, where a totalitarian regime controlled parliamentary elections carefully. Peasants were not allowed to vote, and there was no land reform or major social change. Poland, where democracy was overturned in by General Joseph Pilsudski who established a military dictatorship.

He was supported by the army, major industrialists, and nationalists. Opposition to the government was silenced.Return to the Teacher’s Guide. Nazi Fascism and the Modern Totalitarian State. Synopsis. The government of Nazi Germany was a fascist, totalitarian state.

Totalitarian regimes, in contrast to a dictatorship, establish complete political, social, and cultural control over their subjects, and are usually headed by a charismatic leader. Political power in totalitarian states has often involved rule by one leader and an all-encompassing propaganda campaign, The label "totalitarian" was twice affixed to the Hitler regime during Winston Churchill's speech of October 5, such as totalitarian democracy, inverted totalitarianism or totalitarian capitalism.

Transcript of The Comparison of the totalitarian rule of Francisco Franco in Spain and Adolf Hitler in Germany. [Finalized] Comparison of the totalitarian rule of Francisco Franco in Spain and Adolf Hitler in Germany portraits Hitler Franco Totalitarian Hirohito Stalin Mussolini Who .

Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin is a book by Yale historian Timothy D. Snyder, first published by Basic Books on October 28, In the book, Snyder examines the political, cultural and ideological context tied to a specific area of land, under which Joseph Stalin's Soviet Union and Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany committed mass killing of an estimated 14 million non-combatants.

Dictatorship and Totalitarian Regime Questions Edit Why was Stalin able to establish his dictatorship in Russia? (June ) Why, by , had Stalin been able to impose totalitarian rule on the Soviet Union?

The Soviet Union The butchers who ran the Soviet Union killed between 25 million [The Black Book of Communism] and 60 million [Rudolph J. Rummel] innocent humans - men, women and little children. The monster Stalin may be the greatest mass killer of all time.

Communism. Summary of killings for Communism. The right to travel.

Comparison of Nazism and Stalinism - Wikipedia