Roller Skating Was Crazy Awesome! Written by Rebeka Knott Roller skating has been around for decades. Everyone skated everywhere they went. From morning into the wee hours of the night at the roller discos.
See Article History Roller-skating, recreational and competitive sport in which the participants use special shoes fitted with small wheels to move about on rinks or paved surfaces.
Roller-skating sports include speed skatinghockey, figure skating, and dancing competitions similar to the ice-skating sports, as well as the vertical and street-style competitions common to so-called extreme sports. Development of the roller skate The invention of roller skates has been traditionally credited to a Belgian, Joseph Merlin, in the s, although there are many reports of wheels attached to ice skates and shoes in the early years of that century.
Petibled of Paris received the first patent for a roller skate. The wheels were connected to a wooden block that in turn could be strapped to a boot.
These early roller skates enjoyed limited popularity. The ride was rough, and stopping and turning were nearly impossible. The first practical roller skate was designed in by James Plimpton of Medford, Massachusetts, who broke from the in-line construction and used two parallel pairs of wheels, one set near the heel of the boot and the other near the front.
He attached the wheel pairs to the boot using springy carriages known as trucks.
Thereafter the first great recreational roller-skating craze swept the United States and western Europe, where rinks were built in both small towns and large cities. The quad style of skate became the most popular skate for the next 80 years.
Victorian couples roller-skating through a park, illustration by George du Maurier, In the s ball bearings were added to the wheel construction, allowing for a smoother ride.
Toe stops for braking were introduced as early as the s; however, the large rubber toe stop for quad skates was not widely used until the s. Heel stops were introduced with some of the earliest roller skates but were perfected only with the re-emergence of in-line skates in the s.
In the s the wooden or metal wheels traditionally used in skates gave way to lightweight polyurethane plastic wheels that gripped the riding surface better.
In the s roller-skating enjoyed renewed popularity with the creation of a new generation of in-line roller skates by hockey-playing brothers Scott and Brennan Olson, the founders of Rollerblade, Inc.
They developed in-line skates with four wheels that extended the full length of the boot, giving the skater greater maneuverability compared with previous in-line skates and much more speed. The company also introduced lightweight plastics and other materials to the boot construction, as well as buckles that allowed for easy adjustments to the fit and comfort of the skate.
Roller sports New sports incorporating roller skates emerged soon after the introduction of the quad skate in The first recorded game of roller hockey took place in London in Speed roller-skating events began in the s and were popular through the first quarter of the 20th century. Major speed roller-skating events for men, women, and relay teams involve racing counterclockwise around an oval track or on the open road.
The rules and techniques for these competitions are much like those established for ice skating. Dancing and figure skating on roller skates were introduced in andrespectively; systems for judging competitions and for proficiency tests are similar to those used in ice skating.
International competition in artistic and speed roller-skating and in roller hockey is governed by the International Federation of Roller Sports, founded in The first world championships were held in Find out more in The History of Roller Skating!
The first roller skates had metallic wheels. The original roller skates debuted at a London theater. Roller skates spawned the creation of roller rinks. In America, this hobby was most popular first between and the early s and then in the s, when polyurethane wheels were created and disco music oriented roller rinks were the rage and then again in the s when in-line outdoor roller skating, thanks to the improvement made to inline roller skates in by Scott Olson, took hold.
The history of roller skating begins in London, England with a Belgium born man named Joseph Merlin.
Merlin’s roller skate was not a quad skate, but rather an inline skate with small metal wheels. Visit nationwidesecretarial.com for more information regarding the history of roller skating.
The progression from transportation, to a substitute for on stage ice skating, to recreational skating, to fitness skating and eventually to inline competitive sports has been closely linked to the development of inline skate technology.
Roller-skating sports include speed skating, hockey, figure skating, and dancing competitions similar to the ice-skating sports, as well Development of the roller skate. The invention of roller skates has been traditionally credited to a Belgian, History Quiz.
WWII: Allies, Axis, or Associates? History List. The 6 Nations of the. That’s why Skate Moore, located in Moore, Oklahoma, has created an easy to follow timeline for you roller skating history buffs. Roller Skating Timeline: This is the first ever recorded account of anyone using anything like roller skates.