Since I am going through what I believe to be a spiritual emergenceI am reading a lot on the topic. I want to continue to educate others. That what we sometimes call depression, bi-polar, psychosis, schizophrenia, might actually be a significant transformation in consciousness and a necessary stage on the path of human development. Particularly if you have suffered from a mental illness or treat those with a mental illness.
For instance, when the Harvard Business Review published an article on the topic two years ago, it attracted a higher percentage of readers than any other article published in that periodical in the last 40 years. I also will refer to some of the research linking emotional intelligence with important work-related outcomes such as individual performance and organizational productivity.
Even though the term has been misused and abused by many popularizers, I believe it rests on a firm scientific foundation.
Also, while there are aspects of the concept that are not new, some aspects are. Historical Roots of the Topic When psychologists began to write and think about intelligence, they focused on cognitive aspects, such as memory and problem-solving. However, there were researchers who recognized early on that the non-cognitive aspects were also important.
For instance, David Wechsler defined intelligence as "the aggregate or global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with his environment".
As early as he referred to "non-intellective" as well as "intellective" elements, by which he meant affective, personal, and social factors. The main question is whether non-intellective, that is affective and conative abilities, are admissible as factors of general intelligence.
My contention has been that such factors are not only admissible but necessary. I have tried to show that in addition to intellective there are also definite non-intellective factors that determine intelligent behavior.
If the foregoing observations are correct, it follows that we cannot expect to measure total intelligence until our tests also include some measures of the non-intellective factors [Wechsler,p. Wechsler was not the only researcher who saw non-cognitive aspects of intelligence to be important for adaptation and success.
Robert Thorndike, to take another example, was writing about "social intelligence" in the late thirties. Unfortunately, the work of these early pioneers was largely forgotten or overlooked until when Howard Gardner began to write about "multiple intelligence.
In the s, under the direction of Hemphill, the Ohio State Leadership Studies suggested that "consideration" is an important aspect of effective leadership.
More specifically, this research suggested that leaders who are able to establish "mutual trust, respect, and a certain warmth and rapport" with members of their group will be more effective.
At about the same time, the Office of Strategic Services developed a process of assessment based on the earlier work of Murray that included the evaluation of non-cognitive, as well as cognitive, abilities.
Many of the dimensions measured in assessment centers then and now involve social and emotional competencies such as communication, sensitivity, initiative, and interpersonal skills. I could cite other strands of research and theory, but I think it is clear that by the early s, there was a long tradition of research on the role of non-cognitive factors in helping people to succeed in both life and the workplace.
The current work on emotional intelligence builds on this foundation. Contemporary Interest in the Topic When Salovey and Mayer coined the term emotional intelligence inthey were aware of the previous work on non-cognitive aspects of intelligence. Salovey and Mayer also initiated a research program intended to develop valid measures of emotional intelligence and to explore its significance.
For instance, they found in one study that when a group of people saw an upsetting film, those who scored high on emotional clarity which is the ability to identify and give a name to a mood that is being experienced recovered more quickly.
Goleman was a science writer for the New York Times, whose beat was brain and behavior research. He had been trained as a psychologist at Harvard where he worked with David McClelland, among others.
McClelland was among a growing group of researchers who were becoming concerned with how little traditional tests of cognitive intelligence told us about what it takes to be successful in life.
IQ by itself is not a very good predictor of job performance. Hunter and Hunter estimated that at best IQ accounts for about 25 percent of the variance. Sternberg has pointed out that studies vary and that 10 percent may be a more realistic estimate.
In some studies, IQ accounts for as little as 4 percent of the variance. An example of this research on the limits of IQ as a predictor is the Sommerville study, a 40 year longitudinal investigation of boys who grew up in Sommerville, Massachusetts.
However, IQ had little relation to how well they did at work or in the rest of their lives. What made the biggest difference was childhood abilities such as being able to handle frustration, control emotions, and get along with other people. Another good example is a study of 80 Ph.
Forty years later, when they were in their early seventies, they were tracked down and estimates were made of their success based on resumes, evaluations by experts in their own fields, and sources like American Men and Women of Science.Sabbath Rest and Trust Entering into the finished and completed Eternal works of Jesus Christ: Genesis Thus the heavens (sky) and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His [six days of] work which He had made. The electronic edition is a part of the UNC-CH digitization project, Documenting the American South.
The text has been encoded using the recommendations for Level 4 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Existentialism. Existentialism is a catch-all term for those philosophers who consider the nature of the human condition as a key philosophical problem and who share the view that this problem is best addressed through ontology.
Chapter I – SUN-WORSHIP HAS BEEN FUSED WITH THE MESSIANIC FAITH.
The Almighty has turned and has given us, the Christian Church and the Christian world, up to worship the host of heaven, which comprises the sun, the moon, and the stars, of which the sun is the most important.
She recalls one screenwriter friend telling her that Weinstein's behavior was an open secret passed around on the whisper network that had been furrowing through Hollywood for years.
To start your study you have to fill out a Psychological Risks to Researching Individuals form that indicates you are aware of the harm possibly incurred by interacting with the IRB and that you accept all psychological liability incurred by you or your associates during the process of wading through the hellish morass created by the IRB.